Lesson 4: German Vocabulary Expansion

Lesson 4: German Vocabulary Expansion

Objective:
In this lesson, we will expand your German vocabulary by introducing new words and phrases related to common everyday situations. Building a diverse vocabulary will enhance your ability to communicate effectively in German.

1. Greetings and Social Interactions:
– Guten Morgen! – Good morning!
– Guten Tag! – Good day!
– Guten Abend! – Good evening!
– Wie geht es Ihnen? – How are you? (formal)
– Wie geht’s dir? – How are you? (informal)
– Mir geht es gut. – I’m fine.
– Danke, gut. – Thank you, I’m good.
– Und Ihnen/dir? – And you? (formal/informal)
– Auf Wiedersehen! – Goodbye!
– Bis später! – See you later!

2. Everyday Activities:
– essen – to eat
– trinken – to drink
– schlafen – to sleep
– arbeiten – to work
– lernen – to learn
– lesen – to read
– schreiben – to write
– kochen – to cook
– putzen – to clean
– spazieren gehen – to go for a walk

3. Food and Drinks:
– das Essen – food
– das Getränk – drink
– das Wasser – water
– der Kaffee – coffee
– der Tee – tea
– die Milch – milk
– das Brot – bread
– der Käse – cheese
– die Wurst – sausage
– das Obst – fruit

4. Numbers:
– eins – one
– zwei – two
– drei – three
– vier – four
– fünf – five
– sechs – six
– sieben – seven
– acht – eight
– neun – nine
– zehn – ten

5. Directions and Places:
– links – left
– rechts – right
– geradeaus – straight ahead
– der Supermarkt – supermarket
– die Bank – bank
– das Restaurant – restaurant
– die Apotheke – pharmacy
– die Schule – school
– das Krankenhaus – hospital
– der Park – park

Practice Sentences:
1. Ich gehe in den Supermarkt, um Brot und Milch zu kaufen.
2. Heute arbeite ich von acht bis fünf Uhr.
3. Am Abend lese ich gerne ein Buch.
4. Möchtest du einen Kaffee oder einen Tee?
5. Das Krankenhaus ist gleich neben der Apotheke.

Homework:
1. Write a short paragraph about your daily routine using at least five of the new verbs introduced in this lesson.
2. Practice counting from one to ten in German.
3. Memorize the names of five places in German and describe their locations using directional words.

Conclusion:
Expanding your German vocabulary is essential for improving your language skills. Practice using the new words and phrases in everyday conversations to reinforce your learning. Stay tuned for the next lesson where we will focus on building more complex sentences and expressions in German. Bis bald! (See you soon!)

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