Greetings & Farewells in German Language

Greetings & Farewells in German Language

In German, greetings and farewells play a crucial role in daily communication. Here are some common greetings and farewells in German:

Greetings:

  1. Hallo! – Hello!
  2. Guten Morgen! – Good morning!
  3. Guten Tag! – Good day! / Good afternoon!
  4. Guten Abend! – Good evening!
  5. Wie geht es dir? – How are you? (informal)
  6. Wie geht es Ihnen? – How are you? (formal)
  7. Wie geht’s? – How’s it going? (informal)
  8. Wie geht’s Ihnen? – How are you doing? (formal)
  9. Wie geht’s dir heute? – How are you today? (informal)
  10. Wie geht es Ihnen heute? – How are you today? (formal)

Responses to “How are you?”:

  1. Mir geht es gut, danke. – I’m doing well, thank you.
  2. Es geht. – It’s going okay.
  3. Nicht so gut. – Not so good.
  4. Sehr gut, danke. Und dir? – Very good, thank you. And you?
  5. Ich bin müde. – I’m tired.
  6. Es könnte besser sein. – It could be better.

Farewells:

  1. Auf Wiedersehen! – Goodbye!
  2. Tschüss! – Bye! (informal)
  3. Bis später! – See you later!
  4. Bis bald! – See you soon!
  5. Bis dann! – See you then!
  6. Mach’s gut! – Take care!
  7. Bis morgen! – See you tomorrow!
  8. Auf Wiederhören! – Goodbye! (on the phone)

These are some of the most common greetings and farewells in German. Depending on the context and familiarity with the person you’re speaking to, you may choose one over the other. Additionally, it’s essential to pay attention to formality, especially when using “du” (informal) versus “Sie” (formal) forms of address.

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