The German alphabet

The German alphabet

The German alphabet consists of the following letters:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

In addition to these, German includes four special characters:

Ä Ö Ü ß

These special characters are considered separate letters in the German alphabet:

Ä (Umlaut “A”) – Pronounced like the “a” in “cat” but with rounded lips.
Ö (Umlaut “O”) – Pronounced like the “e” in “her” but with rounded lips.
Ü (Umlaut “U”) – Pronounced like the “u” in “blue” but with rounded lips.
ß (Eszett) – Represents a sharp “s” sound, often found after long vowels or diphthongs. It is pronounced like a double “s”.

This completes the German alphabet.

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